College and Career Readiness

Academic and Personal Behaviors

Academic and Personal Behaviors

Academic and personal behaviors are the learning habits and skills that support academic readiness and include non-cognitive, socio-emotional qualities that support resiliency, and college/career persistence. Here are some examples of practice in action, tools, research and articles to help you better understand the academic and personal behaviors.

Practice in Action

There are many ways to support the development of students’ academic and personal behaviors. Here are some examples of best practices in New York City schools.

Resources Details on Resources
Building Student Persistence by Changing Student Mindsets: Lessons from the 2013-14 New York City Academic and Personal Behaviors PilotThis analytic study looks at lessons learned across the ten New York City schools that participated in the 2013-14 Academic and Personal Behaviors Pilot. Schools in this pilot focused on teacher growth mindset practices and their effect on student persistence.
Bronx Leadership Academy II: Learning from MistakesBronx Leadership Academy II staff developed a reflection tool for students to improve their own learning processes.
Coalition School for Social Change: Helping Students Build EffortCoalition School for Social Change staff developed a rubric for students to assess their own efforts.
I.S. 229 Roland Patterson: Goal Setting and Strategic ThinkingI.S. 229 Roland Patterson staff developed a teacher-student conference model for goal setting and follow through related to growth in writing skills.
P.S./I.S. 268: Developing Student Self-ReflectionP.S./I.S. 268 staff developed a reflection process and rubric for systematically assessing student growth.
Life Skills: Tracking Individual Student Growth & Providing Meaningful FeedbackSoundview Academy for Scholarship and Culture staff developed a system for assessing and giving feedback on key student behaviors and mindsets.
Using Internships to Deepen Classroom Learning and Develop Professional SkillsFlushing International High School staff developed a series of activities for students to reflect on off-site internships.  
Promoting Student Success through Self-Regulation and Work HabitsSchool for Classics: An Academy of Writers, Performers, and Thinkers staff developed a “desktop rubric” to support self-regulation and work habits.
Supporting Students with Transitions by Developing the Skill of Self-ReflectionNew York City Lab Middle School staff developed lessons that integrate writing and exploration of self-identity.
Raising Expectations One School at a Time
At an anonymized NYC high school, staff leverage the value of character to increase student achievement in response to the 2012-13 citywide instructional expectations.
Middle School Moment VideoFrontline video examines a series of indicators in middle school that can predict how likely a student is to drop out of high school.


Here are some resources that can be used by school leaders and teachers to support the development of students’ academic behaviors and mindsets.

Resources Details on Resources
NYCDOE Academic and Personal Behaviors Resources:
  • The Academic and Personal Behaviors Worksheet provides examples of what academic and personal behaviors can look like for students, teachers, and schools, as well as how these practices align with the 2013 Danielson Framework for Teaching.  
  • The Academic and Personal Behaviors/2013 Danielson Framework for Teaching Crosswalk explores some of the strong connections between the academic and personal behaviors and the Framework for Teaching, and can serve as a foundation for further exploration.
Mindset Works Resources: 

Mindset Works provides free resources that support the development of a "growth mindset," which is known to affect student motivation, learning and achievement.
  • Examples of feedback language that supports a growth mindset
  • Examples of framing language that supports a growth mindset
  • “You Can Grow Your Intelligence” article and activity for students
  • Effort rubric and activity for students
  • Online survey for teachers to assess their own mindsets, as well as those of their students and schools
Project for Education Research That Scales (PERTS) Resources:

Project for Education Research That Scales (PERTS) is an applied research center at Stanford University that works with leading experts on academic motivation to create online tools and resources to support the development of academic mindsets.

  • Online five-minute assessment of growth mindset for students and online ten-minute assessment of four different academic mindsets for students
  • Online professional development programs with accompanying resources:
    • Growth Mindset for Teachers
    • Growth Mindset for Math
    • Growth Mindset for Educator Teams
    • Growth Mindset for Parents
  • Readings about the science behind PERTS programs

Research and Articles

Here is some of the research that demonstrates the links between these behaviors and skills and college/career readiness.