College and Career Readiness
Academic and Personal Behaviors
Academic and Personal Behaviors
Academic and personal behaviors are the learning habits and skills that support academic readiness and include non-cognitive, socio-emotional qualities that support resiliency, and college/career persistence. Here are some examples of practice in action, tools, research and articles to help you better understand the academic and personal behaviors.
Practice in Action
There are many ways to support the development of students’ academic and personal behaviors. Here are some examples of best practices in New York City schools.
Here are some resources that can be used by school leaders and teachers to support the development of students’ academic behaviors and mindsets.
|NYCDOE Academic and Personal Behaviors Resources:|
- The Academic and Personal Behaviors Worksheet provides examples of what academic and personal behaviors can look like for students, teachers, and schools, as well as how these practices align with the 2013 Danielson Framework for Teaching.
- The Academic and Personal Behaviors/2013 Danielson Framework for Teaching Crosswalk explores some of the strong connections between the academic and personal behaviors and the Framework for Teaching, and can serve as a foundation for further exploration.
|Mindset Works Resources: ||Mindset Works provides free resources that support the development of a "growth mindset," which is known to affect student motivation, learning and achievement.|
- Examples of feedback language that supports a growth mindset
- Examples of framing language that supports a growth mindset
- “You Can Grow Your Intelligence” article and activity for students
- Effort rubric and activity for students
- Online survey for teachers to assess their own mindsets, as well as those of their students and schools
|Project for Education Research That Scales (PERTS) Resources:||Project for Education Research That Scales (PERTS) is an applied research center at Stanford University that works with leading experts on academic motivation to create online tools and resources to support the development of academic mindsets.|
- Online five-minute assessment of growth mindset for students and online ten-minute assessment of four different academic mindsets for students
- Online professional development programs with accompanying resources:
- Growth Mindset for Teachers
- Growth Mindset for Math
- Growth Mindset for Educator Teams
- Growth Mindset for Parents
- Readings about the science behind PERTS programs
Research and Articles
Here is some of the research that demonstrates the links between these behaviors and skills and college/career readiness.
- Atkins-Burnett, Fernandez, Akers, Jacobson, Smither-Wulsin - Landscape Analysis of Non-Cognitive Measures
- Bain - Flummoxed by Failure – or Focused?
- Boling - Learning to be ‘Smart’ in Kindergarten
- Duckworth and Yeager - Measurement Matters: Assessing Personal Qualities other than Cognitive Ability for Educational Purposes
- Duckworth, Kirby, Gollwitzer, and Oettingen - From Fantasy to Action: Mental Contrasting with Implementation Intentions (MCII) Improves Academic Performance in Children
- Dweck - Mindsets and Equitable Education
- Dweck, Walton, and Cohen with Paunesku and Yeager - Academic Tenacity: Mindsets and Skills that Promote Long-Term Learning
- Farrington, Roderick, Allensworth, Nagaoka, Keyes, Johnson, and Beechum -Teaching Adolescents to Become Learners: The Role of Noncognitive Factors in Shaping School Performance Full Report | Abridged Report
- Mueller and Dweck - Praise for Intelligence Can Undermine Children’s Motivation and Performance
- Perkins-Gough - The Significance of Grit: A Conversation with Angela Lee Duckworth
- Senior - A Simple Way to Boost Minority Test Scores
- Snipes, Fancsali, and Stoker - Student Academic Mindset Interventions: A Review of the Current Landscape
- Sparks - 'Growth Mindset’ Gaining Traction as School Improvement Strategy
- U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology - Promoting Grit, Tenacity, and Perseverence
- Yeager and Dweck - Mindsets that Promote Resilience: When Students Believe that Personal Characteristics Can Be Developed
- Yeager and Walton - Social-Psychological Interventions in Education: They’re Not Magic
- Yeager, Henderson, Duckworth, Paunesku, Walton, D'Mello, and Spitzer - Boring but Important: A Self-Transcendent Purpose for Learning Fosters Academic Self-Regulation
- Yeager, Purdie-Vaughns, Garcia, Apfel, Brzustoski, Master, Hessert, Williams, and Cohen - Breaking the Cycle of Mistrust: Wise Interventions to Provide Critical Feedback Across the Racial Divide
- Yeager, Walton, and Cohen - Addressing Achievement Gaps with Psychological Interventions