By the end of the school year, all students should be able to:
■ Count out loud by ones from 1 to 20.
■ Use the number line to count backward from 10 to 1.
■ Use ordinal numbers to describe an item’s place in a sequence from 1 to 10. For example, first, second, third, fourth—all the way to tenth.
■ Compare two groups and determine which is more, which is less, or if they are the same.
■ Sort groups of items by size—from smallest to largest and from largest to smallest.
■ Recognize basic shapes in the environment such as the circular face of a clock, a rectangular door, and a square floor tile.
■ Understand and use words such as “over,” “under,” “above,” “below,” “next to,” and “between.”
■ Know words that relate to a time of day, such as “morning,” “noon,” and “evening.” Know which activities often happen during each period, such as eating breakfast in the morning, eating lunch at noon, and so on.
■ Recognize, describe, and create patterns of colors, sizes, and shapes. For example, what comes next in this pattern?
■ Make informed predictions and estimations.
Learning at Home
Sort coins with your child. Make piles of quarters, nickels, dimes, and pennies. Count how many coins are in each.
Together, make a chart of things your child does each day, such as brush teeth, put away toys, read a book, or feed a pet. Show if it is light or dark outside when it’s time to do each one.
String beads or form blocks into different patterns of size or color. Start a pattern, and then let your child decide what comes next.
Provide opportunities to do puzzles.