Some students need related services to achieve their educational goals. Each related service that is recommended is documented in the Individualized Education Program (IEP) and reassessed during the annual review. Provider assignment is also an annual process.
The IEP specifies:
- Type of service
- Frequency- how often
- Duration- for how long
- Language- in what language
- Setting- Individual or in a group
- Location- in class, or in a separate room
What related services are provided in schools?
The following related services are offered in NYC DOE schools. Work with your child's IEP team to determine which, if any, services are appropriate for your child.
Descriptions of each type of service are in the Family Guide to Special Education Services on pages 20-24.
- Adaptive Equipment: Devices that are used to assist students with daily living activities and participation in the school environment. Physical and occupational therapists work with students to determine if devices like standers, gait trainers, adaptive chairs, feeding or toileting equipment is needed.
- Counseling: Helps students recognize and change behaviors that get in the way of learning. Counseling is recommended for students who have social-emotional difficulties that significantly limit their ability to participate in school.
- Hearing Education Services: Supports students who are deaf or hearing-impaired, and can include guidance, social work, counseling, transition services and work-study programs.
- Occupational Therapy: Helps to adapt the physical environment, modify tasks and teach skills so that students can take part in and perform everyday life and school activities. These services must be prescribed by a physician.
- Orientation and Mobility Services: Helps students with visual impairments use information received through the senses (e.g., sound, temperature, vibrations) to move safely in the school environment.
- Paraprofessional Services: Allows students who have behavior management, toileting or health-related needs safely participate in classroom and other school activities. Paraprofessionals may support your child individually or in a group for part or all of the day.
- Physical Therapy: Helps students improve their physical ability, such as balance and coordination, so they can participate in the classroom and other school activities. These services must be prescribed by a physician.
- Sign Language Interpreting Services: Provided to students and parents who are deaf or severely hard of hearing.
- School Health Services: Addresses students’ health needs to ensure a safe educational environment. These services must be recommended by a physician.
- Speech/Language Therapy: Helps improve a student’s listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in academic and social situations.
- Vision Education Services: Supports students whose vision is so impaired that functioning within the classroom cannot take place without the use of assistive materials and adaptive approaches. It allows them to develop academic, social, vocational and life skills using tactile, visual and auditory strategies.
How are related services provided in schools?
Related services can be provided in the classroom, gym, lunchroom, recess or other school locations. While some students do receive services in a separate location ("pulled-out"), educators agree that students usually do better when they receive services in the context of classroom work. More and more, you will find that related service providers come into the classroom and collaborate with teachers, paraprofessionals, and other staff to support students.
You should exchange contact information with your child's related service provider(s) so that you can communicate regularly about your child's progress. If you are not sure how to contact your child's related service provider:
Related Service Providers
If your child's IEP recommends one or more related service, the NYC DOE first attempts to identify an employee who can provide the service. If none is available, the DOE will seek a contracted agency related service provider. If neither the DOE nor a contracted agency is available, the DOE issues a Related Service Authorization (RSA).
An RSA allows you to use the services of an appropriately licensed independent provider of the recommended related service(s) at no cost to you.
Independent Providers for School-Age Students by Service (During and After School Hours):
Additional Options with DOE Providers:
Other Independent Providers:
Related Services Transportation
You may be reimbursed for the cost of transporting your child to special education services under the following circumstances:
- For a preschool student recommended for related services when the services are provided at a site to which transportation is required and the DOE could not arrange for the services to be provided at home, preschool or child care location.
- For a preschool or school age student whose Individualized Education Program (IEP) recommends specialized transportation, when the recommended transportation has not been arranged by the DOE’s Office of Pupil Transportation (OPT).
- For a school age student who is receiving Special Education Teacher Support Services (SETSS) and/or related services through a contracted agency or independent provider (P-4, RSA) if the services are provided at a site to which transportation is required, and the DOE was unable to arrange for the services to be provided at the student’s school or home (and the student is not able to travel to and from the location of service using his/her DOE-issued 3-trip MetroCard.)
- If, due to financial hardship, a parent/guardian is unable to pay for transportation and await reimbursement, the DOE will issue a MetroCard or make other arrangements where appropriate.
Be sure to talk with your child's IEP team first to determine if you are eligible for the voucher. To apply for reimbursement, complete the Parent/Guardian Transportation Reimbursement Voucher for Special Education Services and return it to someone on your child's IEP team. For all other transportation questions are addressed on Office of Pupil Transportation’s website.
Special education resources for related services providers can be found on the Provider Resources
Looking for information on Assistive Technology? Visit the AT page