Related services help students achieve their educational goals. When appropriate, schools provide services in the classroom. Each related service that is recommended is documented in the IEP and reassessed in the annual review.
The IEP specifies:
- Frequency—how often
- Duration—for how long
- Language—in what language
- Setting—Individual or in a group
- Location—in class, or in a separate room
How Related Services are Provided in Schools
Educators agree that students usually do better when they get the supports they need in the context of classroom work (instead of being "pulled out"). More and more, you will find that related service providers come into the classroom and collaborate with teachers, paraprofessionals, and other staff to support students.
Related services should be closely coordinated with the student’s teachers, other instructional personnel, and parents/guardians in support of instructional goals.
Each related service is reassessed annually in during the review of the student’s IEP. Provider assignment is also an annual process.
For more information, talk to your child's teachers or providers or e-mail email@example.com.
What Related Services are Provided in Schools
The following related services are offered in NYC DOE schools. Work with your child's IEP team to determine which, if any, services are appropriate for your child's needs.
Descriptions of each type of service are in the Family Guide to Special Education Services on pages 20-24.
- Adaptive Equipment: Devices that are used to assist students with daily living activities and participation in the school environment. Physical and occupational therapists work with students to determine if devices like standers, gait trainers, adaptive chairs, feeding or toileting equipment is needed.
- Counseling: Helps students recognize and change behaviors that interfere with learning. Counseling is recommended for students who have social emotional difficulties that significantly limit their ability to participate in the school environment.
- Hearing Education Services: Supports students who are deaf or hearing-impaired, and can include guidance, social work, counseling, transition services and work-study programs.
- Occupational Therapy: Helps to adapt the physical environment, modify tasks and teach skills so that students can take part in and perform everyday life and school activities. These services must be prescribed by a physician.
- Orientation and Mobility Services: Improves students’ understanding of spatial and environmental concepts and use of information received through the senses (e.g., sound, temperature, vibrations). Students establish, maintain, and regain orientation and line of travel
- Paraprofessional Services: Allows students who have management, toileting or health-related needs to safely and fully participate in classroom and other school activities. Paraprofessionals may support individuals or a group of students for part or all of the day.
- Physical Therapy: Support students in accessing the educational environment and participating in classroom activities. These services must be prescribed by a physician.
- Sign Language Interpreting Services:Provided to students and parents who are deaf or severely hard of hearing.
- School Health Services: Address students’ health needs to ensure a safe educational environment. These services must be recommended by a physician.
- Speech/Language Therapy: Helps to improve a student’s listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in academic and social situations throughout the school environment. Therapists focus on communication skills.
- Vision Education Services: Supports students whose vision is so impaired that functioning within the classroom cannot take place without the use of assistive materials and adaptive approaches. It allows them to develop academic, social, vocational and life skills using tactile, visual and auditory strategies.
Related Service Providers
If your child has been recommended to receive one or more related services in the IEP, the DOE first attempts to identify a DOE employee who can provide the recommended related service; if none is available, the DOE will seek a contracted agency related service provider. It is the responsibility of the DOE to coordinate with agencies.
It is recommended that you exchange contact information with your child's related service provider(s) so that you can be in regular communication with him/her about your child's progress. If you are not sure how to contact your child's related service provider:
- talk to your school
- contact the agency assigned to your child or
- email firstname.lastname@example.org
If neither the DOE nor a contracted agency is available, the DOE issues a related service authorization (RSA), enabling the parents to identify an independent provider to serve their child at DOE expense. The DOE is required to approve the provider before services may be rendered.
An RSA allows the parent to use the services of an appropriately licensed independent provider of the recommended related service(s) at no cost to you. To read more about the citywide related services policy and practice, please click here.
Independent Providers for School-Age Students By Service (During and After School Hours):
Additional Options with DOE Providers:
Other Independent Providers:
Related Services Transportation
Parents may be reimbursed for the cost of transporting their child to special education services under the following circumstances:
- For a preschool student recommended for Special Education Itinerant Teacher (SEIT) and/or related services, when the services are provided at a site to which transportation is required, and the DOE could not arrange for the services to be provided at home, preschool or child care location.
- For a preschool or school age student whose Individualized Education Program (IEP) recommends specialized transportation, when the recommended transportation has not been arranged by the DOE’s Office of Pupil Transportation (OPT).
- For a school age student who is receiving Special Education Teacher Support Services (SETSS) and/or related services through a contracted agency or independent provider (P-4, RSA) if the services are provided at a site to which transportation is required, and the DOE was unable to arrange for the services to be provided at the student’s school or home (and the student is not able to travel to and from the location of service using his/her DOE-issued 3-trip MetroCard.)
- If, due to financial hardship, a parent/guardian is unable to pay for transportation and await reimbursement, the DOE will issue a MetroCard or make other arrangements where appropriate.
Be sure to talk with your child's IEP team first to determine if you are eligible for the voucher. To apply for reimbursement, complete the Parent/Guardian Transportation Reimbursement Voucher for Special Education Services and return it to someone on your child's IEP team. For all other transportation questions are addressed on Office of Pupil Transportation’s website.
Special education resources for related services providers can be found on the Provider Resources
Looking for information on Assistive Technology, visit the AT page