Related Services & Therapies


Related Services and Therapies



Related services are provided to help maximize each student’s ability to achieve his or her educational goals. Related services should be delivered in the least restrictive environment and, as much as appropriate, integrated into the classroom. Educators agree that students usually do better when they get the supports they need in the context of classroom work (instead of being "pulled out"). More and more, you will find that specialists come into the classroom and collaborate with teachers, aides, and other adults to support students. Either way, related services should be closely coordinated with the student’s teachers, other instructional personnel, and parents/guardians in support of instructional goals. Each related service should be re-assessed annually in conjunction with the review of the student’s IEP. For more information, see the related services guiding philosophy, talk to your child's teachers or providers or e-mail

When a student requires related services, the DOE first attempts to identify a DOE employee who can provide the recommended related service; if none is available, we seek a contracted agency related service provider. It is the responsibility of the DOE, either through a Borough Field Support Center (BFSC) or a district Committee on Special Education (CSE) to coordinate with agencies. If neither the DOE nor a contracted agency is available, the DOE issues a related service authorization (RSA), enabling the parents to identify an independent provider to serve their child at DOE expense. The DOE is required to approve the provider before services may be rendered. Please note that provider assignment is an annual process, and the DOE's overall policy on the provision of related services, including the issuance of RSAs, has not changed this year. To read more about the citywide related services policy and practice, please click here.

For information about reimbursement for transportation to and from a related service provider, where applicable, consult the forms and information on the Related Services Information page.

Speech/Language Therapy 
Speech/Language Therapy help in the way your child understands sounds and language (called auditory processing), with articulation or phonological skills, comprehension, use of syntax, pragmatics, voice production and fluency. They are often integrated into lessons about reading and writing. Learn more about ways in which Speech/Language Therapy improve students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in school.

Physical Therapy [Read More...]

Uses activities to maintain, improve or restore your child's functioning, including gross motor development, ambulation, balance and coordination in various settings, including but not limited to the classroom, gym, bathroom, playground, staircase and transitions between classes. Learn more about ways in which Physical Therapy supports students' ability to access the educational environment.

Occupational Therapy [Read More...]

This will help your child maintain, improve or restore adaptive and functional skills, including fine motor skills and oral motor skills in all educational activities. Learn more about ways in which Occupational Therapy supports students by increasing their participation in school activities by strengthening their adaptive and functional skills.   

These services are designed to improve social and emotional functioning in the areas of appropriate school behavior, discipline, self­ control, conflict resolution if your child is experiencing difficulty interacting appropriately with adults or peers, withdrawal or acting out, low self-esteem or poor coping skills that significantly interfere with learning.

If your child requires services from a particular provider (e.g., guidance counselor, school psychologist or social worker), that must be specified in the IEP.

Assistive Technology Learn more about how Assistive Technology supports students' ability to access their instructional program and interact with their peers.