There are 32 Community Education Councils (CEC) in New York City. Each CEC oversees a Community School District that includes public elementary, intermediate, and junior high schools. Each CEC has 11 voting members including nine parents of students in public elementary, intermediate and/or junior high schools in the district. There are two additional voting members who are appointed by the borough presidents and must be residents of or own or operate a business in the district. A non-voting high school senior residing in the district and who is an elected student leader will be appointed by the community superintendent. Beginning in the spring of 2005, parent selections and borough president appointments will take place every two years.