A. ASD is associated with Pervasive Developmental Disorders. To receive a diagnosis of ASD (based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association, Fourth Edition – Text Revised 2000), a person must experience significant impairment (affecting daily functioning) in three areas:
Impairments in these areas may vary among persons with ASD, and cognitive ability may range from gifted to severely challenged. An ASD begins before the age of 3 and lasts throughout a person's life.
Q. What are some of the signs of ASDs?A. The following are some of the signs of ASDs:
Q. Why must students with ASDs be taught so differently from other students?A. Often a person with ASD may not appear “available for learning” due to the intensity of developmental/neurological challenges such as impulsivity, anxiety, motor coordination, ritualistic patterns, self-satisfying sensory needs, expressing meaningfully, among others. Based on the varying levels of autism, each student may need supports different from every other student in his/her class and may require such differentiation throughout the entire school day.
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