What is Adapted Physical Education?
In New York State, all elementary and secondary students must receive physical education as a part of their educational program. The federal law Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA enacted by Congress in 1975) entitles all students with Disabilities to receive a free, appropriate public education, including appropriate physical education. Adapted physical education (APE) is vitally important to the quality of life for students with disabilities. The Adapted Physical Education program is developmentally appropriate physical education. It is adapting, modifying, and/or changing a physical activity so it is as appropriate for the person with a disability as it is for a person without a disability. We are providing numerous ways that some sports and activities can be modified and/or changed. The goal is to have an activity where ALL students can fully participate in Physical Education. Change the word "adapted" to "differentiated" and you have the idea of Adapted Physical Education. It is GOOD teaching which differentiates the curriculum, task, equipment, and/or environment as appropriate for each child, so ALL students can successfully learn and participate in physical education. Federal law mandates that physical education be provided to students with disabilities and defines Physical Education as the development of:
Adapted Physical Education National StandardsAdapted Physical Education FAQ's - Non D75 SchoolsAdapted Physical Education: NYS Regulations
General Adaptation Suggestions Equipment: Larger/lighter bat Use of velcro Larger goal/target Mark positions on playing field Lower goal/target Scoops for catching Vary balls (size, weight, color, texture) Rules Prompts, Cues: Demonstrate/model activity Partner assisted Disregard time limits Oral prompt More space between students Eliminate outs/strike-outs Allow ball to remain stationary Allow batter to sit in chair Place student with disability near teacher Boundary/Playing Field: Decrease distance Use well-defined boundaries Simplify patterns Adapt playing area (smaller, obstacles removed) Actions: Change locomotor patterns Modify grasps Modify body positions Reduce number of actions Use different body parts Time: Vary the tempo Slow the activity pace Lengthen the time Shorten the time Provide frequent rest periods
D75 Office of School Wellness ProgramsCurriculumPE/APE ReesourcesHealth Education ResourcesSports Related ResourcesSports Events
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