, New York City’s system of teacher development and evaluation, was designed to provide the City’s teachers with accurate feedback on their performance and the support necessary to improve their practice, with the goal of improved student outcomes to ensure all students graduate college and career ready.
Though Advance was formally established on June 1, 2013 in alignment with the New York State Education Department's Education Law 3012-c on teacher and school leader performance reviews, its design was informed by three years of pilot work in New York City’s schools. In April 2015, New York State passed additional revisions with Education Law 3012-d.
Advance uses multiple measures – including observations of classroom practice and student outcome data – to provide teachers, school leaders, and families with a more accurate understanding of teacher effectiveness than ever before.
Key features of Advance:
- All classroom teachers are evaluated annually on a 4-point rating scale (Highly Effective, Effective, Developing, Ineffective).
- Approximately half of a teacher’s evaluation is based on measures of teacher practice (MOTP) based on classroom observations using a research-based rubric of teacher practice.
- Approximately half of a teacher’s evaluation is based on measures of student learning (MOSL) based on assessments the school chooses to administer from an approved list.
- The two components of measures of teacher practice and measures of student learning are combined to produce an Advance Overall Rating using a State-mandated matrix.
- Teachers receive timely and constructive feedback, including individualized improvement plans for teachers who receive a Developing or Ineffective rating.
In addition, each teacher has an initial planning conference and summative end-of-year conference with an administrator to discuss, then follow up on, expectations and goals for the year for the teacher’s performance and student learning outcomes. All teachers receive an Advance
Overall Rating by September 1 of the following school year. Measure of Teacher Practice ratings are available in June at the close of the current school year. All teachers rated “Developing” or “Ineffective” work with their principal to implement a Teacher Improvement Plan (TIP), which provides clear feedback, goals, and a timeline for professional growth in the following school year.