Washington Irving High School
Sarah Hernandez, PRINCIPAL
40 IRVING PLACE, MANHATTAN, NY 10003Phone: 212-674-5000
School Name, Number, or Address
WIHS' Principles of Learning
Principle I: Organize for Effort
Hard work replaces aptitude as the determiner of success.
Everything is organized for students to work as hard as they need to, for as long as they need to, in order to reach standards.
Principle II: Clear Expectations
Students, parents, school and community know and understand the targets at each stage of learning.
Students participate in setting goals and evaluating progress.
Principle III: Recognition of Accomplishment
Celebrations of work at regular progress points invite families, friends, and teachers to recognize student performance.
Principle IV: Fair and Credible Evaluations
The standard is clearly articulated to all students.
Assessments are not based on the normal curve, but rather students are evaluated on their progress towards absolute standards.
Assessments are connected to and embedded in curriculum and instruction.
Principle V: Academic Rigor in a Thinking Curriculum
“Knowledge-based constructivism” – means that students are engaged in thinking about a solid foundation of knowledge.
Process and content are linked.
Principle VI: Accountable Talk
Student-to-student questioning, probing and conversing appropriate to the discipline uses evidence and accurate knowledge to develop ideas.
Principle VII: Socializing Intelligence
Call on students to use intelligent thinking – problem-solving, reasoning and using their ability to make sense of the world.
Principle VIII: Learning as Apprenticeship
“Guide on the Side,” not “Sage on the Stage” is the apprenticeship model.
Students engage in “authentic” work whether in class or in school-to-career arenas such as research laboratories, publishing houses, marketing agencies or television studios.