Table of Contents

 
  Section G

 

G.1   OVERVIEW

The Title I grant for FY'02 has not yet been awarded. As a result, an estimate is being used. Should actual revenue differ, adjustments may be necessary. Table G:1 presents the FY'02 Title I spending plan.

By law, the local school districts may only allocate Title I funds to schools with high concentrations of student poverty. A uniform citywide student poverty cutoff is employed to make that determination. The law also requires New York City to allocate Title I funds among the five boroughs in proportion to each county's share of poverty counts in the federal census. That is, Title I resources appropriated by the Federal government by county must remain in that county.

Focusing Title I resources earmarked by the Federal government to only those schools with high concentrations of poverty, -- i.e., at or above the citywide cutoff of 68.24% -- establishes widely divergent pupil per capitas from borough to borough.

 
    Manhattan $732.32    
    Bronx $569.46    
    Brooklyn $834.85    
    Queens $794.01    
    Staten Island $1,703.93    
    Citywide Average $739.10    


  G.2   NON-PUBLIC SCHOOL AND NEGLECTED CHILDREN APPROPRIATION

The law requires use of comparable criteria to distribute Title I funds to public and non-public school students. This objective is accomplished, consistent with federal regulations, by identifying free lunch eligible non-public school students who reside in the attendance areas of Title I designated public schools. The count of pupils with these characteristics has been determined based on a survey conducted by the Office of the Chief Executive for Community School District Affairs, Monitoring and Municipal Relations. The process for identifying eligible non-public school children is completed. Consequently, Non-Public School Title I allocations presented herein are final, pending receipt of the Title I grant award.

In July 1997, the Supreme Court overturned Aguilar V. Felton. This action now permits public school teachers to enter parochial schools to provide remedial services to eligible non-public school pupils. Previously, instruction had to be provided at a neutral site, such as in a mobile instructional unit (MIU) or leased space. The burden to LEAs of providing neutral sites diminishes with the Supreme Court's decision. Although the contract for MIUs has expired, there remains expenses for several leased sites. These costs should be offset by Federal Capital Expense revenue.

Title I funds are divided among the borough's Title I eligible student population to yield the borough's Title I per capita. The eligible population includes public school, non-public school and neglected children. The per capita multiplied by the respective non-public eligible pupil count becomes the Non-Public School share of the Title I appropriation. Likewise, the Neglected Children Title I appropriation is calculated by multiplying the county per capita by the respective count of neglected children. Table G:2.1 displays these calculations.

The Neglected Children programs are administered by both High Schools and Citywide Special Education.

The Non-Public School Title I per capita appropriation is administered by both the community school districts and the Bureau of Non-Public Schools Reimbursable Services. The community school districts receive 25%, while the Bureau of Non-Public Schools receives 75%. Table G:3 displays the Title I Non-Public allocation by district.

Districts are given the option of implementing their own non-public school program or having the Bureau of Non-Public Schools Reimbursable Services administer the services. In the latter case, Non-Public School Title I funds will be transferred from participating districts budgets directly into the Bureau of Non-Public Schools' budget. The G:3 reflects district responses to this option.


G.3   CHARTER SCHOOL

The Deputy State Commissioner of Education recently ruled that beginning with school year 2001-2002, for Federal ESEA appropriations, Charter schools will be treated as their own Local Educational Agency (LEA). As a result, the State will make separate Title I appropriations to Charter schools. Charter schools will no longer be included with the New York City Public Schools for Title I school designation and pupil eligibility.


G.4   PUBLIC SCHOOL ALLOCATIONS

Title I funds remaining after deducting the Non-Public School and Neglected Children shares for each borough's appropriation, is available for public school allocation. A portion of this amount is committed to programs such as the prekindergarten program, support for low performing schools, bilingual paraprofessional training and program evaluation. These are either allocated separately to districts or administered centrally. The Title I budget, net of these adjustments, is allocated for elementary, middle and high schools on a per capita basis using the number of poor children attending those Title I designated schools. The organization of citywide special education classes, with the delivery to each pupil of services prescribed in their Individual Education Program (IEP), reduces the need for supplemental Title I services. As a result, Public School Title I resources are being allocated only to eligible students in the community school districts and high schools. This policy has been in effect since FY'94.

Table G:2.1 displays the computation of the citywide and borough per capitas. District Title I allocations are listed on Table G:5. Table G:6 lists school data. Schools changing Title I designations are displayed on Table G:7.

Title I per capita allocations are provided at the district level. District decisions on school allocation of these dollars must be identified in the district's school allocation and spending plan.

Federal law requires that a minimum of 1% of a district's allocation support parent involvement programs. The amount scheduled for parental involvement must equal at least the amounts shown in Table G:8. Further information on this topic may be found in the January 14, 2000-memorandum from Judith A. Rizzo, Deputy Chancellor for Instruction, entitled "1999-00 Title I Parent Involvement Guidelines." An update to this memorandum is expected shortly.

A Schoolwide program is based on a comprehensive Schoolwide program plan designed collaboratively at the school level to improve instruction. In addition to challenging content, the plan incorporates intensive professional development for staff and parents and collaboration, where appropriate, with community organizations to strengthen the school's program.

The November 14, 2000 memorandum from the Chief Executive for Program Development and Dissemination presented an "Invitation to Participate in the Schoolwide Programs Planning Initiative," for the FY 2000-2001 program. An update to this memorandum for FY'02 will be issued in the Fall. Districts should anticipate setting aside funds for planning grants for those schools that will for the first time plan a School-wide program. Funding for the grants comes out of the district's total Title I allocation.


G.5   POVERTY CRITERIA AND SCHOOL DESIGNATION

G.5.1   ELEMENTARY AND MIDDLE SCHOOLS
Title I eligible schools are selected based upon either:

  • the percent of students attending the school with approved free lunch applications as reported by schools on their October 31st F-Form submissions, or
  • the percent of students living within the school's attendance zone who are enrolled in a public assistance program.

G.5.2   HIGH SCHOOLS
High schools follow the same process as elementary and middle schools. However, since most high schools do not have attendance zones, public assistance data must be interpreted differently.

New York City street addresses and the number of resident high school age public assistance recipients (adjusted to exclude dropouts) have been assigned to particular high schools for the purpose of calculating school poverty rates based upon the proportion of high school attending students living at that address who are enrolled in those schools. A location is considered to be a "Title I" address if more than one-half of the high school students living there are enrolled in Title I high schools.


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