The elementary school standards are set at a level of performance approximately equivalent to the end of fourth grade. It is expected that some students might achieve this level earlier and others later than this grade. (See “Deciding what constitutes a standard-setting performance,”)

M Mathematics
Arithmetic and Number Concepts
 a Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers. b Demonstrate understanding of the base ten value system and use this knowledge to solve arithmetic tasks. c Estimate, approximate, round off, use landmark numbers, or use exact numbers in calculations. d Describe and compare quantities by using simple fractions. e Describe and compare quantities by using simple decimals. f Describe and compare quantities by using whole numbers up to 10,000.
Geometry and Measurement Concepts
 a Give and respond to directions about location. b Visualize and represent two dimensional views of simple rectangular three dimensional shapes. c Use simple two dimensional coordinate systems to find locations on a map, and represent points and simple figures. d Use many types of figures. e Solve problems by showing relationships between and among figures. f Extend and create geometric patterns using concrete and pictorial models. g Use basic ways of estimating and measuring the size of figures and objects in the real world. h Uses models to reason about the relationship between the perimeter and area of rectangles in simple situations. i Select and use units for estimating and measuring quantities. j Carry out simple unit conversions. k Use scales in maps and scale drawings.
Function and Algebra Concepts
 a Use linear patterns to solve problems. b Build iterations of simple non-linear patterns and recognize that these patterns are not linear. c Use the understanding that an equality relationship between two quantities remains the same as long as the same change is made to both quantities. d Use letters, boxes, or other symbols to stand for any number, measured quantity, or object in simple situations.
Statistics and Probability Concepts
 a Collect and organize data to answer a question. b Display data. c Make statements and draw simple conclusions based on data. d Gather data about an entire group or by sampling group members to understand the concept of sample. e Predict results and find out why some results are more likely, less likely, or equally likely. f Find all possible combinations.
Problem Solving and Reasoning
 a Formulation. b Implementation. c Conclusion.
Mathematical Skills and Tools
 a Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers correctly. b Estimate numerically and spatially. c Measure accurately. d Compute time. e Refer to geometric shapes and terms correctly. f Use +, -, x, ÷, /,…and . (decimal point) correctly in number sentences and expressions. g Read, create, and represent data. h Use recall, mental computations, pencil and paper, measuring devices, manipulatives, calculators and advice from peers, as appropriate, to achieve solutions.
Mathematical Communication
 a Use appropriate mathematical terms, vocabulary, and language. b Show mathematical ideas in a variety of ways. c Explain solutions to problems clearly and logically. d Consider purpose and audience when communicating about mathematics. e Comprehend mathematics from reading assignments and from sources.
Putting Mathematics to Work
 a Data study. b Science study. c Design a physical structure. d Management and planning e Pure mathematics investigation.